California a history andrew rolle pdf

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By burning underbrush and grass, the Native Americans revitalized patches of land whose regrowth provided fresh shoots to attract food animals. The relative strength of the tribes was dynamic, as the more successful expanded their territories and less successful tribes contracted. Slave-trading and war among tribes alternated with periods of relative peace. European contact in the 18th century, to have been perhaps 300,000. Before Europeans landed in North America, about one-third of all natives in what is now the United States were living in the area that is now California. California from the early 16th century to the mid-18th century, but no European settlements were established.

Spain sent an exploring party sailing along the California coastline. The California seen by these ship-bound explorers was one of hilly grasslands and wooded canyons, with few apparent resources or natural ports to attract colonists. The other colonial states of the era, with their interest on more densely populated areas, paid limited attention to this distant part of the world. British explorers and fur traders began establishing stations on the coast. The Spaniards conjectured that these places may be one and the same.

Cortés accompanied expeditions in 1534 and 1535 without finding the sought-after city. La Paz later that spring. In July 1539, moved by the renewal of those stories, Cortés sent Francisco de Ulloa out with three small vessels. The account of this voyage marks the first-recorded application of the name “California”. 1510, in which a character travels through an island called “California”.