The term “management” may also refer to those people who manage an organization. They set the strategic goals of the organization and make decisions on how the overall organization will operate. Senior managers are generally executive-level professionals, and provide direction to middle management who directly or indirectly report to them. Middle managers communicate the strategic goals of change management theories pdf management to the front-line managers.
In smaller organizations, an individual manager may have a much wider scope. A single manager may perform several roles or even all of the roles commonly observed in a large organization. Based on this, management must have humans. Communication and a positive endeavor are two main aspects of it either through enterprise or independent pursuit. This applies even in situations where planning does not take place. She described management as philosophy.