Prior to the admission of West Virginia the government in Wheeling formally claimed jurisdiction over all of Virginia, although from its creation it was firmly committed to the formation of a separate state. After Lee’s departure, western Virginia continued to be a target of Confederate raids, even after the creation of the new state in heroes of history will durant pdf. Unionist northwest part of the state.
Many of the delegates were informally or self-appointed, so the Convention only denounced secession and called for a formal election of delegates. The elected delegates met in the second session on 11 June. On 20 June the Convention declared that by acceding to secession, the officials of the state government in Richmond had forfeited their offices, which were now vacant. The “Restored” government was generally supported in areas where secession was opposed. At the Wheeling Convention, some delegates proposed the immediate establishment of a separate state.
Thus it was necessary to establish the Restored Government of Virginia to give that consent, which was granted 20 August 1861. Congress approved statehood that December, with the condition that slavery must be abolished in the new state. This condition required a new constitutional convention and referendum. The revised constitution provided for the future abolition of slavery, which took effect on 3 February 1865. All the northern states had free public school systems before the war, but not the border states.
West Virginia set up its system in 1863. Over bitter opposition it established an almost-equal education for black children, most of whom were ex-slaves. They were not included in West Virginia. With West Virginia statehood, the Restored government relocated to Alexandria. Commonwealth still held under Confederate arms – at the time of West Virginia’s statehood this included at least some measure of control in about thirteen counties claimed by the newly admitted state.
Wheeling and Richmond state legislatures. While the level of effective Confederate control over West Virginia would continue to diminish as the war progressed, authorities in Richmond were able to maintain at least a tenuous control over West Virginia’s southeastern border regions until the end of the war. In May and June 1861, Confederate forces advanced into western Virginia to impose control by the Richmond government and the Confederacy. Thereafter all of the trans-Allegheny region was under firm Union control except for some of the easternmost counties.