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Known for its eloquent content, it is considered a masterpiece of literature in Shi’i Islam. There is content in Nahj al-Balagha whose authenticity can be debated. The Shi’i do not give it the same status as Sahih books in the schools of Ahlul Sunnah. Nahj al Balagha is a collection of 241 sermons, 79 letters, and 489 utterances. Universe and the arrival of Imam al-Mahdi. Instead, only segments deemed to possess greater literary value are included. Ali’s extant speeches, sermons, decrees, epistles, prayers, and sayings that are found in Nahj al-Balagha.
Until then the sermons had been transmitted orally, between the generations and the wording was therefore open to change and misinterpretation. There is no chain of narration. Ali gave a detailed reply, a selection from which is hereunder: Woe to you. If it were so, there would have been no question of reward or chastisement and there would have been no sense in Allah’s promises or warnings.
He has placed easy obligations on them and has not put heavy obligations. He is disobeyed, not because He is overpowered. He is obeyed but not under force. He did not send down the Book for the people without purpose. He did not create the skies, the earth and all that is in between them in vain. Egypt, published a commentary on the book in Egypt.
13, page 225, printed in Egypt. Akhbar-ul-Hukama of Ibn-ul-Quftee page 192 printed in Egypt. Oyoonul-Ambia of Ibn-e-Abi-Sabee’a page 25, printed in Egypt. Quazi of Baghdad Shaikh Quewaam-ud-din. His commentary has been printed very often and forms a part of the university course in Cairo and Beirut.
Mohammed Mohiuddin Abdul Hameed, Professor of Lexicology of Alazhur University. His book was printed at Isthequamuth-e-Misr Press, Cairo. During the third century five famous men took up this work. Abu Oosman Omero-ibn-Bahr-ul-Jahiz, who died in 255 A. Ibne-Quateeba-e-Daynoori, who died in 276 A. O’ Yoon-ul-Akhbar and Ghareeb-ul-Hadees quoted many sermons and discussed meanings of many words and phrases purportedly used by Ali.
Ibne Wazeh-e-Yaquoobee, who died in 278 A. Akhbar-e-Tawal quoted many sermons and sayings. Kitab-ul-Mobard collected many sermons and letters. In total Nahj al Balagha has a collection of 245 sermons of Ali. Fear Allah in the matter of His creatures and His cities because you will be questioned even about lands and beasts. The following is an incomplete list of summaries on each sermon in the collection.
In this sermon the creation of Adam is mentioned. This Sermon is considered authentic by Shi’a and controversial by Sunni, as it would imply that the rule of the first 3 Caliphs were illegitimate. Islamic society had fallen again. Ahl al-Bayt have done to teach them Islam and to reform their minds. He finished it with an advice to them to accept religion sincerely. Abu Sufyan came to Ali to swear allegiance, he advised them in this sermon.
Ali resolved the issue instead of fighting. Some people tried to dissuade Ali against his decisions, in reply to the dissuation Ali delivered Sermon 10. In sermon 11 Ali describes the mental conditions of those Muslims who in reality were hypocrites and had in their inner hearts no place for truth, justice and Islam. Ali replies to the propaganda of the opponents. Ali delivered this speech after Talha and Az Zubayr broke their oath of allegiance to Ali.
Followers of truth and religion! Speech given after the victory at the Battle of Basra. In this sermon Ali again condemned the actions of the people of Basra. Uthman Ibn Affan, when Ali was being offered the caliphate. In it Ali told people what to expect under his Caliphate. Ali describes three kind of people found in society and also the best course to be followed in life.
You a wicked son of a depraved father, a hypocrite, son of an infidel, do you know which part of my speech is harmful and which part is beneficial to me? Ali explains how and from whom we can take lessons to mould and reform our lives. Talhah and Az Zubayr had wanted to take over the caliphate and therefore murdered Caliph Uthman Ibn Affan, the only obstacle remaining in their way was Ali. They decided to falsely accuse and implicate Ali for the murder. In Sermon 27, Ali tells Talhah and Az Zubayr to be afraid of Allah. Ali advises the poor not to envy the rich and the rich to support and help the poor. Sittin, Ali highlights three points.