File:Buddham Saranam Gacchami – Male Voice, with Female Chorus. A mantra may panch pratikraman sutra pdf may not have a syntactic structure or literal meaning. Hindus in India, and are at least 3000 years old.
The use, structure, function, importance, and types of mantras vary according to the school and philosophy of Hinduism and Buddhism. In this school, mantras are considered to be a sacred formula and a deeply personal ritual, effective only after initiation. In other schools of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism or Sikhism, initiation is not a requirement. They are typically melodic, mathematically structured meters, believed to be resonant with numinous qualities. In more sophisticated forms, mantras are melodic phrases with spiritual interpretations such as a human longing for truth, reality, light, immortality, peace, love, knowledge, and action. Some mantras have no literal meaning, yet are musically uplifting and spiritually meaningful. Hinduism had developed into a blend of art and science.
Asian and Western traditions as well. There is no generally accepted definition of mantra. Renou has defined mantra as a thought. Mantras are structured formulae of thoughts, claims Silburn. Farquhar concludes that mantras are a religious thought, prayer, sacred utterance, but also believed to be a spell or weapon of supernatural power. Zimmer defines mantra as a verbal instrument to produce something in one’s mind. Bharati defines mantra, in the context of the Tantric school of Hinduism, to be a combination of mixed genuine and quasi-morphemes arranged in conventional patterns, based on codified esoteric traditions, passed on from a guru to a disciple through prescribed initiation.
There is no universally applicable uniform definition of mantra because mantras are used in different religions, and within each religion in different schools of philosophy. Staal clarifies that mantras are not rituals, they are what is recited or chanted during a ritual. In Oxford Living Dictionary mantra is defined as a word or sound repeated to aid concentration in meditation. Cambridge Dictionary provides two different definitions. The first refers to Hinduism and Buddhism: a word or sound that is believed to have a special spiritual power. The second definition is more general: a word or phrase that is often repeated and expresses a particularly strong belief.