The term is a truncation of the term “liberal profession”, which is, in turn, an Anglicization of the French term “profession libérale”. Just as some professions rise in status and power through professionalism and ethics in teaching pdf stages, others may decline.
Disciplines formalized more recently, such as architecture, now have equally long periods of study associated with them. Proposals for the introduction or enhancement of statutory regulation may be welcomed by a profession as protecting clients and enhancing its quality and reputation, or as restricting access to the profession and hence enabling higher fees to be charged. It may be resisted as limiting the members’ freedom to innovate or to practice as in their professional judgement they consider best. An example was in 2008, when the British government proposed wide statutory regulation of psychologists. Another example of a regulatory body that governs a profession is the Hong Kong Professional Teachers Union, which governs the conduct, rights, obligations and duties of salaried teachers working in educational institutions in Hong Kong. Typically, individuals are required by law to be qualified by a local professional body before they are permitted to practice in that profession. In such cases, qualification by the professional bodies is effectively still considered a prerequisite to practice as most employers and clients stipulate that the individual hold such qualifications before hiring their services.
This requirement is set out by the Educational Department Bureau of Hong Kong, which is the governmental department that governs the Hong Kong education sector. However, it also has other meanings. The concept of autonomy can therefore be seen to embrace not only judgement, but also self-interest and a continuous process of critical evaluation of ethics and procedures from within the profession itself. One major implication of professional autonomy is the traditional ban on corporate practice of the professions, especially accounting, architecture, medicine, and law. The obvious implication of this is that all equity owners of the professional business entity must be professionals themselves. This avoids the possibility of a non-professional owner of the firm telling a professional how to do his or her job and thereby protects professional autonomy. But because professional business entities are effectively locked out of the stock market, they tend to grow relatively slowly compared to public corporations.
This high esteem arises primarily from the higher social function of their work, which is regarded as vital to society as a whole and thus of having a special and valuable nature. This power is used to control its own members, and also its area of expertise and interests. A profession is characterized by the power and high prestige it has in society as a whole. It is the power, prestige and value that society confers upon a profession that more clearly defines it. As such they can bend rules, reduce bureaucratic inertia and increase problem solving and adaptability.
There is considerable agreement about defining the characteristic features of a profession. Oslo School of Architecture and Design. The World Medical Association Declaration of Madrid on Professional Autonomy and Self-Regulation”, 1987. Professional autonomy and the normative structure of medical practice”. Faculty pressures and professional self-esteem: Life in Texas teacher education”.
The role of professional expertise in the purchasing of health services”. New Jersey, USA: Prentice Hall, 1995, p. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1978, p. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1992, p. Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick and London, 1999.